The clothing category is a very broad one. It can include: Aprons, cloth diapers, dresses, gloves, hats & hair accessories, jackets, pants, scarves, shirts, shoes, etc.
The great thing for regular clothing is that there isn't a whole lot to be done for most of these items since there are specific exemptions from certain testing and certain labeling for everyone.
- Exemption from Flammability testing for all plain surfaced materials that are over 88.15 gsm. 16 CFR Part 1610
- Think: Jerseys, knits, quilting cottons, yarn for knitting/crocheting, seersucker, Liverpool, waffle, ribbed, etc.
- Exemption from Flammability testing for hats, gloves, and shoes if hat does not cover neck or shoulders, gloves are not longer than 14", and shoes are not attached to main garment. 16 CFR Part 1610
- Requires testing to Flammability for all raised surfaced materials not made only of the (6) exempted fibers. 16 CFR Part 1610
- Acrylic, Modacrylic, Nylon, Olefin, Polyester, Wool
- Think: Corduroy, Flannel, Fleece, French Terry, Sherpa, Velour, Velvet, etc.
- All non-fabric components (ex. metal, plastic, treated wood) must be tested for Total Lead Content under CPSIA 2008 Sec 101a and 16 CFR Part 1500.
- All treated or coated components (ex. vinyl, leather) must be tested for Total Lead Content CPSIA 2008 Sec 101a and 16 CFR Part 1500.
- All surface coatings (paint, lacquer, sealant, anything that can be scratched off the surface of the component) must be tested for Lead in Paints and Other Similar Surface Coatings under 16 CFR Part 1303.
As a registered small batch manufacturer, you do not necessarily have to test for Flammability, Total Lead Content, or Lead in Surface Coatings. You can rely on recent information from your suppliers instead. "Recent" means that the information is no more than a year old.
All labeling is to be permanent so that it lasts the useful life of the product. Only fiber content and manufacturer identity can alternatively be securely attached so that it arrives to the final consumer (think like a price tag).
- Country of origin 19 CFR Part 134
- "Made in USA of materials from [Country]" if materials are from one location
- "Made in USA" if textile components are all made in USA as well
- Care information 16 CFR Part 423
- Bleach Warnings - No, Chlorine only, etc.
- Drying - Hang, Lay Flat, Tumble? Temp?
- Iron Warnings - No, Low, Inside Out, etc.
- Other warnings - Like colors, remove solids, etc.
- Manufacturer or private labeler identity 16 CFR Part 303
- Fiber content 16 CFR Part 303
- Listed in descending order (95% Polyester, 5% Spandex)
- Permanent labels required for children's products 15 U.S.C. §2063(a)(5)
- Location of production
- Date of production
- Unique batch, run number, or other identifying characteristic (to assist in a recall if necessary)
Location of production, date of production, and unique batch may all be coded such as 0222TN01 for a product made in February 2022, made by a sewing contractor in a specific city in Tennessee. If you are the only person creating the product, location coding is not required.
Documentation of Compliance
- All children's products must have a Children's Product Certificate created and maintained in the manufacturer's records. 16 CFR Part 1110
- Citation to all product safety rules that must be followed for this product
- Identification of manufacturer or importer (your business name and contact information)
- Identification of individual maintaining compliance information (your personal name and contact information)
- Date & Place of manufacture (month, year; City, ST, Country)
- Date & Place of testing, supplier statement information, exemption citations
- Identify any 3rd-party lab that conducted testing if applicable & Small Batch Manufacturer registration number if applicable.
If this was a lot, don't worry, it is and I understand that! That's why I have created a digital book that walks you through the process, step-by-step, in a more conversational tone.
Join my free Facebook group, US Product Safety Compliance.
The Makers Community membership.
Free basic product safety course.